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Architect Personal DetailsArchitectural works in South Australia
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Architect Personal Details

Surname

Bruce

First name

John Quinton

Gender

Male

Born

17/04/1865

Died

8/01/1930

Biography

John Quinton Bruce has been described as designing in a ‘flamboyant style’ (Page 1986: 158). He was responsible for several well-known Adelaide buildings as well as for a number of residences in the Federation style.

Son of a shipmaster and born at sea on 17 April 1865, Bruce arrived in Adelaide in 1869 and was educated in a private school run by Rev. William Moore (Burgess 1907). He contributed to the local sporting and recreational community as Vice-President of the North Adelaide Football Club and as an active member of the Adelaide Rowing Club and the Royal South Australian Yacht Squadron. Bruce married at North Adelaide in 1898.

In 1880 Bruce was articled to architect E.H. Bayer of Bayer & Withall. On completion of his articles he remained with the practice as a draughtsman but in 1884 decided to broaden his professional knowledge by studying surveying with Evans & Evans, licensed surveyors. On completion of a period of indenture he joined William Cumming but then returned to Bayer & Withall as chief draughtsman. From 1894 to 1912 he established himself as a sole practitioner (Jensen and Jensen 1980) employing Louis Laybourne Smith as a draughtsman for a short while (Page 1986: 109). Subsequently he worked as Bruce, Wooldridge & Harral, as Bruce & Harral and as an independent practitioner (1916 to 1919) (Willis 1998).

Bruce became member of the South Australian Institute of Architects (SAIA) in November 1894 and was made a Fellow of the SAIA in 1897. He held positions both as Vice-President from 1905 (Burgess 1907), and as President from 1909 to 1911 (Freeland 1971).

Bruce designed a number of villas and large residences in Adelaide. These included one at Medindie for Fred Scarfe, another on East Terrace for H.A. Parsons, and Stalheim (1901) on Montefiore Hill, North Adelaide, for Hugh R. Dixson, a parliamentarian and tobacco manufacturer (Marsden et al 1990). Sir Langdon Bonython purchased Stalheim in 1908 and renamed it Carclew (Gunton 1983). He made only one major addition, a single-storey library in the north-west corner of the mansion (Marsden et al 1990). Carclew remained in the ownership of the Bonython family until 1965 and following its purchase by the state government in 1985 it became the Carclew Youth Arts Centre. It survives as a prominent landmark building in the Federation style (AHPI).

Bruce won design competitions for the Woodville Institute and for the Citizen’s Life Assurance Building (Burgess 1907), also known as Electra House, at 131-133 King William Street. He supervised construction of Electra House after plans for the building were accepted by the Adelaide City Council on 10 September 1900. Electra House is a late Victorian building revealing Classical design elements (AHPI; RAIA Significant Architecture). It is historically significant because of its association with the Eastern Extension Australasia and China Telegraph Co. Ltd. responsible in 1872 for providing telegraphic communication from Europe to South Australia’s overland telegraph, and for its associations with the insurance industry in South Australia (Marsden et al 1990).

Bruce and Harral's design for the Freemasons Grand Lodge, 254-260 North Terrace, Adelaide, was accepted in 1923. The architectural orders feature strongly in the design because of their place in the Masonic tradition (Marsden et al 1990). Due to cost factors, reinforced concerete replaced the originally specified stone and granite but the intended imposing scale of the building was not compromised. Opened in May 1927, the Grand Lodge's exterior and interior, including the impressive Hall of Fame, have had few alterations (Marsden et al 1990). In 2008 the decision was taken to allow the hall at the rear of the Grand Lodge to be demolished to make way for a multi-storey tower.

The Freemasons Grand Lodge was one of Bruce’s several significant commissions in Adelaide. It was his last major project before his death on 8 January 1930.

Christine Sullivan

Citation details
Sullivan, Christine, 'Bruce, John Quinton’, Architecture Museum, University of South Australia, 2008, Architects of South Australia: [http://www.architectsdatabase.unisa.edu.au/arch_full.asp?Arch_ID=32]

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Architectural works in South Australia

Name Suburb Year Designed
Dwelling Medindie
Dwelling Adelaide
Carclew North Adelaide 1901
Woodville Institute
Electra House (Citizen’s Life Assurance Building) Adelaide 1900
Freemasons Grand Lodge (Freemasons Hall) Adelaide 1923
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Firms or Professional Partnerships

Name Dates Worked
Articled to Bayer & Withall 1880-1883 
Bayer & Withall 1883-1884 
Evans & Evans 1884-1886 
William Cumming, Architect 1886- 
Bayer & Withall -1894 
Quinton Bruce, Architect 1894-1912 
Bruce, Wooldridge & Harral 1913-1915 
Quinton Bruce, Architect 1916-1919 
Bruce & Harral 1920-1930 
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Bibliographic Sources

Name

PUBLISHED
Books
Burgess, H.T. (ed.) (1907) The Cyclopedia of South Australia in two volumes: an historical and commercial review, descriptive and biographical, facts, figures, and illustrations: an epitome of progress, vol 1, Adelaide.
Freeland, J. (1971) The Making of a Profession: A History of the Growth and Work of the Architectural Institutes in Australia, Angus and Robertson in association with the Royal Australian Institute of Architects, Sydney.
Jensen, E. and Jensen, R. (1980) Colonial Architecture in South Australia: a definitive chronicle of development 1836-1890 and the social history of the times, Rigby Publishers Ltd, Adelaide.
Marsden, S., Stark, P. and Sumerling, P. (ed.) (1990) Heritage of the City of Adelaide: an illustrated guide, Corporation of the City of Adelaide, Adelaide.
Page, M. (1986) Sculptors in Space, South Australian Architects 1836-1986, RAIA SA Chapter, Adelaide.

Periodicals
'Past Presidents, SA Chapter: JQ Bruce', PLACE, May 2011: 9.

UNPUBLISHED
Archival
RAIA South Australia Significant Twentieth Century Architecture RAIA Collection, S301, LLSAM.

Other
Willis, J. (1998) South Australian Architects Biography Project, University of South Australia, CD ROM, located in the LLSAM.

ELECTRONIC
Databases
Australian Heritage Places Inventory (AHPI), online at http://www.heritage.gov.au/ahpi/index.html

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